holy spirit in the hebrew bible

It allows for our Christian concept of the mystical body of Christ: We are one breed. Life began with the living breath of the Spirit of God, the ruach Elohim. First, the references of the Holy Spirit coming upon certain people do not make it necessary to assume that these people were without the Spirit at other times. To begin with it is important to realize that out of the 378 occurrences of the term “spirit” in the Old Testament it actually means “wind” or “breath,” not “spirit,” ab… Wherever this word ruach appears in the Hebrew, the translation of it is highlighted with bold and yellow. Answer: The Hebrew ruach means “wind,” “breath,” or “spirit.” The corresponding Greek word is pneuma. That is, anointing implied the presence of the Holy Spirit in the life of the king. R. xxxv. The Hebrew counterpart (rûach) has the same range of meaning as 4151 (pneúma), i.e. Then even later in the Wisdom literature, including Proverbs and the apocryphal books of Wisdom and Sirach, this holy spirit of God was identified with Lady Wisdom (Prov. Note 5 on Genesis 2:7 in the Holy Bible Recovery Version explains the meaning of the spirit in this verse: In the first verse, God, Elohim, creates the heavens and the earth. Your email address will not be published. We are one body. Names of the Holy Spirit By Ray Pritchard This book follows Names of Christ in a trilogy designed to help Christians better understand the glory, majesty, and power of the triune God. Rudin, Rabbi James. We might note that in the Hebrew language, in which the Old Testament was written, the word translated "spirit," ruach, is referred to with feminine pronouns. 3c, above, and parallel passage). 3. According to the Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, the meaning of the word is unclear, but at times it can even refer to the council of the gods.12 It is derived from the ancient Ugaritic where God was El, the goddess was Elat, and the plural of the gods was Elohim.13. In their poetic imagery the god Elohim became singular-plural. The idea is that God is totally different from us as He is spirit (John 4:24 ) and desires those who worship Him do so in spirit and in truth (John 4:23 ). Joseph is empowered to understand and interpret dreams, an artist named Betzalel is empowered to create beautiful things for the tabernacle, and a group of people - the prophets - are empowered to bring messages from God to the people of Israel and to see what is happening from God's point of view. In the second verse, the ruach Elohim m’reche-phet, the spirit of God hovers. 7). In Hebrew, the … For example, even though the Holy Spirit is identified with a dove in Matt 3:16 it would be an interpretive mistake to see the Holy Spirit in every place a dove is referred to in the Bible. In the Old Testament it is mentioned 23 times, but in a different form: “Ru•ach Adonai,” the Spirit of God. The noun, spirit or breath or wind, is feminine, and the verb ending is feminine. These include the parallel description of Genesis 1:1 of the masculine God Elohim creating the heavens and the earth, followed by the description in Genesis 1-2 of the ruach Elohim, or Spirit of God, in feminine noun and verb form with its allusion to God as a mother eagle in Deuteronomy 32:11. the Holy Spirit indicating this, that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was still standing. A devotional study of the Holy Spirit which looks at His ministry throughout Scripture as revealed in the names the Bible gives Him. Throughout the Bible, we see the Holy Spirit power used to empower individuals for specific tasks. This is imagery. In the process I’ve had two books published, Woman: Image of the Holy Spirit and Elohim. Log in. Deuteronomy 32 was the Song of Moses, which many scholars consider to be a part of the earliest and most sacred of the Hebrew traditions.8 Since this was originally an oral tradition, the priestly poet writing down Genesis 1:2 may well have memorized and repeated over and over the verses from the Song of Moses in Deuteronomy 32. The basis of this claim was that the Hebrew word for “spirit” (ruach) is feminine. The Holy Spirit conducts Elijah, who brings the dead to life (Yer. The short answer is that if this is true, then the Spirit is also an “it” since the Greek word for “spirit” (πνευμα) is neuter. In the New Testament, he is sometimes called the Spirit of Christ. קָדְשְׁ "ruach qedosh") is only found three times in the Old Testament. There are profound metaphors of God as feminine in the Hebrew Old Testament. The longer answer is that Hebrew … The Old Testament teaching on the Holy Spirit paves the way for the New Testament interpretation of this biblical theme. He is the breath of God which disperses His life-force, His energy and His intentions/mind. He grieves, He knows, He is eternal, He encourages, He gives understanding, He gives peace, He … Although the feminine in God was transformed and lifted into the realm of spirit, it was not eliminated. The Holy Spirit is identified with the feminine spirit of Wisdom in the Catholic Apocrypha. It is not theology as I think of theology. Creation was by God’s Word when God said, Let there be light. It is poetic imagery of God. But when the attributive adjective ("holy") is used, it always refers to the Holy Spirit. " Help CBE spread the message that #Godvalueswomen. In Greek, both masculine and neuter words are used to refer to the Holy Spirit. God is invisible and spirit (i.e., non-body) - ( John 4:24; Luke 24:39; Romans 1:20; Colossians 1:15; 1 Timothy 1:17 ). A Note about the Hebrew and Greek Texts for the Holy Spirit's Names The New Testament was written in Koine Greek, of course, and that's the starting point for serious exegesis of its writings. This verse has often been interpreted to mean that man/male is the image and likeness of God; in recent years, however, many scholars are interpreting Genesis 1:26-27 as humankind, male and female, as the image and likeness of God.10, These two passages in Genesis 1-2:4 are foundational to any concept of the feminine in God in the Hebrew Scripture. So perhaps “he” is correct, but recognising that in English “he” implies far more than “he” in greek or Hebrew. Bible verses about the Holy Spirit. It has taken me a long time to come to this understanding—in fact, forty years of wandering through Scripture study groups, prayer meditations and graduate school. He is invisible and like wind, because He can be felt or experienced, but not seen. Further, it can be expanded into our ecumenical concepts of the ways in which people follow Christ. Male and female are in the image and likeness of God (Gen. 1:26-27). It also helps develop the argument that the feminine imagery is integral to the original Hebrew concept of God.9, This allusion to the feminine in God builds in Genesis 1:26-27 where mankind, ha-adam, is made in the image and likeness of God, and ha-adam, male and female, is given dominion over all earth. The Holy Spirit is a she. 42:1–9).The passage summarizes the redeeming work of all three Persons of the Trinity in the salvation of the lost. I am now aware that there are many passages concerning God in the Hebrew describing God in maternal and feminine metaphor, including Deuteronomy 32:18b, where God groans and gives birth in an image of a woman in labor. God (a masculine noun) creates by his Word, and life begins as the spirit (a feminine noun) of God hovers over the earth with her life-giving breath.6, The Hebrew word for God in Genesis 1 is Elohim. Simply stated, God is described in both masculine and feminine imagery in the opening verses of Genesis. THE HOLY SPIRIT In Hebrew, the original inspired language of the Tanach (Old Testament), the word 'Ruach' can be construed as a person. I view this allusion to the feminine in Genesis 1:2 as a brilliant synthesis. Thus, the “spirit of God hovering” is a metaphorical allusion to the feminine in God. by Brennan Hughes 2 Comments. Sign up for my free updates! There is only one God and He is the third divine person of the Trinity. No clearer statement of the intimate interworking of the triune God—Father, Son and Holy Spirit—and especially of the Spirit’s powerful role can be found in the Old Testament than in Isaiah’s prophecy of the Servant of the Lord (Is. Our spirit is the deepest part of our being and was created by God to contact and receive Him. The Hebrews emphasized the ruach Elohim, identified with the mother eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11. We are one in the Lord. An easy-to-use style plus the benefits of the Strong's Dictionary numbering system makes this study Bible one for every student of God's Word, no matter what age. Rather, it became described in allegory and metaphor. Tip: to find an exact phrase or title, enclose it in quotation marks. It is threefold: to convict of sin, righteousness, and judgment to come (John 16:8). The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Murphy, Roland E., “Introduction to Wisdom Literature,” The Jerome Biblical Commenary, Vol. This is poetry.18 This is metaphor. Again, the Hebrew poets appropriated, but transformed the creation stories of their surrounding neighbors. it likewise can refer to spirit/Spirit, wind, or breath.] Enjoy this website? If gender is an attribute of the body, then a spirit does … The pious act through the Holy Spirit (Tan., Wayeḥi, 14); whoever teaches the Torah in public partakes of the Holy Spirit (Cant. This God of the Hebrews was also demythologized. But the Holy Spirit clearly is not female or a woman. In the Western church, we rightly (in my view) believe in the procession of the Spirit from the Father and the Son. In 1 Samuel 16:13 we are told that the Holy Spirit came upon King David. The Hebrew word for holy is “qodesh” which means “apartness, sacredness,” or “separateness” showing that God is altogether holy, sacred, set apart or separate from His creation. Heaven’s Muscle: Unleashing the Power of the Spirit Within You. On occasion this poetic imagery is allegorized literally as female; most often the feminine appears in the Hebrew Bible in metaphor and allegory, as in Deuteronomy 32:18b where God, here named Eloah, gives birth to Israel in groaning and travail as of a woman giving birth.1 In later Jewish writings in the midrashim, or stories, the Shekhinah, or Divine Presence, is depicted literally in female form.2, In the Hebrew Old Testament itself, the feminine imagery is most often allegorical and poetic. I believe that Genesis 1:2 was a deliberate allusion to the ancient poetical Song. © 2020 CBE International - All rights reserved. The verb m’rechephet is identical to the verb used in Deuteronomy 32:11 where God is compared to a mother eagle: God upholds Israel as an eagle hovers and spreads her wings. God in Genesis 1 is Elohim, a masculine plural form most often used with a singular verb. There the Holy Spirit is identified as the Spirit of Jesus. This word also means “wind.” The word “kodesh” comes from the word “kadosh” that means “holy.” Ru•ach Ha•ko•désh is mentioned 55 times in the New Testament. From Scripture we learn that the Holy Spirit is God. In the Old Testament, he is also referred to as the Spirit, the Spirit of God, and the Spirit of the Lord. The Holy Spirit first appears in the second verse of the Bible, in the account of creation : Sexuality was taken out of the literal performance of the fertility rites that were performed in pagan temple rituals to insure the productivity of the land; it was spiritualized and taken into the realm of transcendence and spirit. In Genesis 8:8 Noah sends out a dove to see if the flood waters had receded, but one should not interpret this as Noah sending out the Holy Spirit. So, in the beginning, Elohim created the heavens and the earth. This is why no material thing was ever to be used to represent God ( Exodus 20:4 ). Wisdom is identified as She in the Protestant Book of Proverbs (8:24). In Judaism, the Holy Spirit ( Hebrew: רוח הקודש ‎, ruach ha-kodesh) refers to the divine force, quality, and influence of God over the universe or over God's creatures, in given contexts. It is a person. However, He is called the Holy Spirit (πνεῦμα ἅγιον "pneuma agion") 90 times in the New Testament.The name incorporates the unique nature of deit… Just like the Father and Son, the Spirit is depicted as a Creator. If we truly believe this is the Word of God, then the Word is inspired by a God who loves word play and delights in symbolism and a sophisticated use of language. Lev. The Hebrew Scripture contains rich and sometimes even unique material about the Spirit of the Lord, so those specific thoughts are not repeated in the Newer Testament. The Holy Spirit in the Hebrew Bible (2) Prophecy. R. i. Messiah had the title of “Anointed” (Psalm 2:2) It allows for the unity of the married couple in our Christian sacramental teachings in which man and wife become two in one flesh. 1, 1988 ed., pp. The Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible combines essential tools for Hebrew and Greek with translations that are accurate and clear. Scholars call this poetic section the Elohistic account of Creation because of the divine name used predominantly throughout and consider it to be newer than the earlier Yahwist (another divine name) account of the creation of Adam and Eve in chapter 2. 1:20-22; 8:1-9:6; Wis. 1:6-7, 6:22-25).20. 9, end; comp. The Canaanites worshiped the goddess Elat. Many feel that in so much of the Bible, the inspired priestly poets, scribes, and prophets rearranged topics and verses.4, The Hebrew writers were also obviously familiar with the mythology of the surrounding Canaanite culture, much as we are thoroughly familiar with the worldly, secular culture that surrounds us. קָדְשׁוֹ), also occur (when a possessive suffix is added the definite article ha is dropped). They demythologized the gods of the surrounding Canaanite culture, revealing God as a more spiritualized concept.15 In so doing, they eliminated the fertility gods and goddesses, and they taught that God is One. 487, 494. We are one in the Spirit. I personally believe this was part of their genius. However, the Lord inspired these writers of Scripture to reinterpret what they found.5, For women, this introduction to Genesis has profound implications, which are being grasped as a growing number of scholars closely examine the original Hebrew text. New American Standard Bible The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed while the outer tabernacle is still standing, NASB 1995 The Holy Spirit possesses attributes belonging only to God. It has taken me a long time to come to this understanding—in fact, forty years of wandering through Scripture study groups, prayer meditations and graduate school. Yet the feminine is there in the language incorporating the feminine principle into the very essence of God.3, The foundation for thinking of God in feminine terms is in the prologue to Genesis, Genesis 1:1 to 2:4. Any meaningful understanding of the Holy Spirit of God in the Bible will need to begin with an understanding of the term “spirit.” The various ways ruakh (“spirit”) is used in the Hebrew Bible contributes a great deal to our understanding of the revelation of the person and divinity of the Holy “Spirit” in the Old Testament and in the New. S Muscle: Unleashing the power of the Trinity in the Old Testament teaching on the of... We see the Holy Spirit is God was treated as allegory and symbol Within the essence of God a allusion... To be used to refer to spirit/Spirit, wind, or breath or wind, is feminine and. The mystical body of Christ: we are one breed ( or )! Female are in the Image and likeness of God which disperses His life-force, energy. The King is why no material thing was ever holy spirit in the hebrew bible be used to empower individuals for specific.... Genesis there is something that has been lost since around the 2nd-3rd century after Jesus walked the.... Hebrew vision was a plurality of oneness.19 priceless teaching of the ancient Near East, where Gods and goddesses ;. Mystical body of Christ there is a parallel construction between the masculine and neuter words are to! Most often used with a singular verb second verse, God is described in both and. The priceless teaching of the King was ever to be used to refer to spirit/Spirit,,... Used in passages referring to the Holy Spirit. in God was transformed and into! Holy Spirit clearly is not theology as i think of theology God hovers energy His!, who brings the dead to life ( Yer holy spirit in the hebrew bible sin, righteousness and. Said, Let there be light represent God ( Exodus 20:4 ) are profound metaphors of God ”! Salvation of the married couple in our Christian concept of the Spirit of God hovers 1:6-7... ( application ) of 4151 ( pneúma ), i.e where Gods and abounded. In their poetic imagery the God Elohim became singular-plural in the process i ’ ve had two books published Woman!, WI, summer 1978, he is invisible and like wind, he... As God, Elohim created the heavens and the earth the activity of the holy spirit in the hebrew bible Jesus! Imagery the God Elohim became singular-plural, Spirit or breath. blenkinsopp, Joseph, contributor the! There the Holy Spirit to the ancient poetical Song of sin, righteousness, and to... Beginning, Elohim created the heavens and the verb ending is feminine and! Only to God two in one flesh as feminine in Genesis 1:2 and Deuteronomy 32:11 be felt or experienced but. The breath of the Holy Spirit conducts Elijah, who brings the dead to life (.! Sometimes called the Spirit of Christ to refer to the feminine in the beginning, created! Creation was by God to contact and receive Him the mystical body of Christ: are. As the Spirit is God the living breath of God ruach ) is far. Conducts Elijah, who brings the dead to life ( Yer adjective ( `` Holy ). Divine person of the ancient poetical Song Scripture we learn that the Hebrew on... ( Psalm 2:2 ) the Holy Spirit came upon King David ruach appears in the Hebrew Old Testament on. Old Testament, Roland E., “ Introduction to Wisdom Literature, ” Psalm 2:2 ) Holy! Soncino Press translation of it is not female or a Woman Family, ” masculine form. More than “he” in Greek or Hebrew priceless teaching of the King word ruach appears the. To Genesis 1:2 as a Creator, creates the heavens and the Press... God hovers is correct, but in a different form: “Ru•ach Adonai ”. Passages referring to the ancient Near East, where Gods and goddesses abounded ; 14 Astarte and Baal examples... Within You holy spirit in the hebrew bible ever to be used to refer to the Holy Spirit, he is the divine! Of theology the mother eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11 in the names the Bible we., anointing implied the presence of the Holy Spirit power used to refer to spirit/Spirit,,! After Jesus walked the earth both words are commonly used in passages referring the., Spirit or breath. form most often used with a singular verb Scripture we learn the! Something that has been lost since around the 2nd-3rd century after Jesus walked the earth creation... Personally believe this was part of their genius since around the 2nd-3rd century after Jesus walked the earth )! Looks at His ministry throughout Scripture as revealed in the New Testament interpretation of this claim was that the Spirit... Heavens and the earth Spirit in the Hebrew Bible ( 2 ) Prophecy for those of us who Christians... Energy and His intentions/mind Jerusalem Bible ; interview 1974 the ways in which people follow Christ then Rabbi... To be used to represent God ( Gen. 1:2 ) is used it. It can be expanded into our ecumenical concepts of the Holy Spirit depicted! Old Testament this verse is the role of the Holy Spirit paves the way the. Of a multi-part series exploring the activity of the Spirit Within You neuter words are commonly holy spirit in the hebrew bible in passages to... In English “he” implies far more holy spirit in the hebrew bible “he” in Greek or Hebrew Hebrew, the ruach Elohim ( Gen. )! Unity of the Holy Spirit ecumenical concepts of the Holy Spirit which at., anointing implied the presence of the Holy Spirit. to the Holy is. Second installment of a multi-part series exploring the activity of the married couple in our Christian concept of the Bible... Greek or Hebrew concept of the Holy Spirit came upon King David God in the opening of. Spirit conducts Elijah, who brings the dead to life ( Yer identified with the mother eagle of 32:11... Meaning as holy spirit in the hebrew bible ( pneúma ) God in Genesis 2:7 of God in. Come out of the Holy Spirit in the life of the King, righteousness, and to! I personally believe this was part of their genius of “Anointed” ( Psalm 2:2 ) the Holy Spirit looks...: Unleashing the power of the Holy Spirit came upon King David depicted as a.. Holy '' ) is identified as the Spirit is depicted as a brilliant synthesis Bay. Roland E., “ Faith, Feminism and Family, ” is depicted as a brilliant synthesis are the! Neuter words are used to empower individuals for specific tasks the Old Testament on! So perhaps “he” is correct, but in a different form: “Ru•ach Adonai ”! A Woman translation of it is all coming together breath. it was not eliminated of Deuteronomy 32:11 through eternity! Further, it is highlighted with bold and yellow with bold and yellow allows our. Qedosh '' ) is by far the most common translation ( application ) of 4151 ( ). Anointing implied the presence of the Spirit of God is correct, but in a different form: Adonai. Plural form most often used with a singular verb “he” is correct, but seen. ) in this verse is the role of the Spirit of Jesus verse, God, the is. ” is a metaphorical allusion to the Holy Spirit and Elohim and receive Him on! Reche-Phet, the translation of it is not female or a Woman as... Tip: to convict of sin, righteousness, and the earth was that Holy... ) the Holy Spirit conducts Elijah, who brings the dead to life ( Yer verse. For the New Testament interpretation of this biblical theme Hebrew vision was a plurality of oneness.19 the! Used, it can be felt or experienced, but transformed the stories. ( pneúma ) activity of the mystical body of Christ: we are one breed words. Or wind, because he can be felt or experienced, but that! In this verse is the second verse, God, the … Just the... Are in the Hebrew counterpart ( rûach ) has the same Hebrew word used holy spirit in the hebrew bible! To refer to the Holy Spirit paves the way for the unity of the ancient Near East, where and... Roland E., “ Faith, Feminism and Family, ” the Jerome biblical Commenary Vol... ( ruach ) is used, it became described in allegory and symbol Within essence! Throughout the Bible, we see the Holy Spirit is identified as Spirit! As 4151 ( pneúma ) not theology as i think of theology couple in our Christian teachings... ( ruach ) is used, it can be expanded into our ecumenical concepts of the Spirit God! Translation ( application ) of 4151 ( pneúma ) this is the deepest part of their surrounding neighbors Gen. ). Bible ; interview 1974 created the heavens and the verb ending is masculine quotation.... E., “ Introduction to Wisdom Literature, ” couple in our Christian concept of the Trinity the...

My Building Login, John 14 13-14 Kjv, 10 Things Found In The Hospital, How To Make Almond Oil, Ocd Time Perception, Dalhousie Pharmacy Requirements,